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Directly below is a picture of the first page of the ROCMA by-laws with the Rusyn version on the left and the English on the right. Below the picture is the entire English version of the ROCMA by-laws.

The text of the ROCMA by-laws describes the relationship between the regional-level Mutual Aid Society and its constituent organizations, the local "brotherhoods." The text also provides a detailed description of the Society's life insurance activities. Details reflecting the beliefs and attitudes of the time are particularly interesting to the reader of today. (Note: double dates are a date given according to the standard calendar and the Orthodox church calendar)

First page of ROCMA by-laws

June 23 (July 6th), 1913



Archbishop of North America


of the



Name, Patron, Banner, Seal, Badge, and the Official Organ of the Society

Section 1 The Name of the Society shall be: The Russian Orthodox Catholic Mutual Aid Society in the United States of America.

Section 2 The Society shall be commended to the prayers, intercession and guardianship of Saint Nicholas, the Miracle-worker.

Section 3 The day consecrated to the memory of St. Nicholas (December 6/19) is to be solemnly kept by all the members of the Society. In their full number, the members of every Brotherhood are to attend the Liturgy on that day, in full uniform. If there is no Orthodox church in their neighborhood, they are to celebrate this holiday in some other way, for example by a solemn gathering.

Section 4 The banner of the Society is of gilded bronze. On one side is represented St. Nicholas wearing a mitre, on the other an eight-pointed cross, surrounded by rays of light.

Section 5 The Seal of the Society is round. In its center there is an eight-pointed cross, on its sides the year of the Society's foundation, 1895, and below the cross the letters U. S. A.; around the cross in two rows the name of the Society in Russian and in English.

Section 6 The Badge of the Society is a cross like the Maltese, but with a circle in the middle and with rounded points. The circle is blue enamel edged with gold, and in its center there is an eight-pointed cross in white enamel, also edged with gold; the rounded points are crimson enamel edged with gold containing in gold the letters "R." "0.-C." "B.", and "U. S. A.", that is, Russian Orthodox-Catholic Brotherhood, United States of America.

Section 7 The official organ of the Society is, "Svit' ("Light"), published weekly in the Little Russian dialect, the editor of which shall be elected by the Convention of the Society and sanctioned by its Honorary President, and shall edit the paper according to the conditions worked out by the Society in Convention assembled.


Objects of the Society

Section 8 The purpose for which the Society is founded is to provide means of relief for members distressed either by sickness or disability, and in the event of death of a member to pay death claims and benefits to families, heirs, blood relatives, affianced husbands, affianced wifes or to any other person dependent upon the member; and for this purpose to create and maintain funds from dues and assessments levied upon and collected from the members of the Society, at such rates as may be from time to time determined.

Section 9 In addition to the above expressed purpose of the Society, each member, upon joining, pledges himself to promote the following moral objects:

  1. The spread and preservation of the Orthodox faith in America;
  2. Participation, as far as it is possible for the members, in the work of building Orthodox churches in this country, founding Russian schools and charitable and educational institutions;
  3. The same interest and zeal in the publishing in America of an Orthodox newspaper, calendar and pamphlets of a religious and moral character, and
  4. The enlightenment of the people in general, fostering in them love and devotion to Orthodoxy, to their Church and nationality, and to the - principles of Christian mutual help.

Section 10 The widening or contracting of the Society's field of action with regard to the above named objects depends on the state of its membership and means, and is defined in part by the Supreme Assembly and in part by the resolutions of the Society's Conventions.


Members of the Society

Section 11 The members of the Society shall be of three kinds: active members, life members and honorary members.

Section 12 The active members of the Society shall be the members of all the Orthodox Brotherhoods which form part of it.

Section 13 If a husband and wife are members together, they are to pay for churches, stipends, newspaper and the like as one full member.

Section 14 The title of a life member shall be conferred, by sanction of the Honorary President, on those who have contributed not less than $50.00 (fifty dollars) at one time to the needs of the Society, in confirmation of which the Supreme Assembly sends to them a special diploma.

Section 15 The title of Honorary Member of the Society shall be conferred:

  1. on persons deserving special consideration in general, and on those in particular who have showed special zeal with regard to the work and needs of the Orthodox Church in America and of the Society; and,
  2. on persons who have subscribed $100.00 (one hundred dollars.) or more to the needs of the Society at one time.

Section 16 Honorary Members of the Society shall have the right of advisory voice at Conventions.

Section 17 Candidates for honorary membership may be proposed at any time by the Supreme Assembly or the members of any Brotherhood, and also by the delegates during the Conventions of the Society, but with the following conditions: a) The candidate must be a member of the Orthodox Church, b) the claims of the candidate must be pointed out in full in the application, and c) the application must be made with much discrimination, and must be sufficiently convincing. If the candidate for honorary membership in the Society is introduced whilst the Society is in Convention, he shall be elected by the majority of delegates' votes; in other cases the Supreme Assembly communicates the name and the merits of the candidate to all the Brotherhoods and decided accordingly to the votes of the majority of the Brotherhoods. The final acceptance of the candidate shall always be submitted by the Supreme Assembly to the consideration of the Honorary President of the Society. After the candidate's acceptance by the Honorary President, the Supreme Assembly sends to him a special diploma.

Section 18. Life Members and Honorary Members of the Society need not be active members and then they have no duties in the Society, as they have no rights, except that mentioned in Section 16.

Section 19. If a Life Member or an Honorary Member is also an active member, he shall comply in everything with the By-Laws of the Society, he shall pay regularly the dues and assessments that shall be assessed and imposed and share equally with other members all the duties the Society imposes on them, and in return he shall enjoy all the rights of an active member.


Conditions of Admission to Active Membership

A - For Brotherhoods

Section 20 Those Brotherhoods which wish to become members of the Society should obligatory:

  1. be a Slavonian one,
  2. belong to the Orthodox Church,
  3. reside within the boundaries of the North American continent,
  4. must express their readiness to join the Society as a body,
  5. shall number not less than 15 members in a locality which already counts a Brotherhood which is part of the Society, and not less than 7 members in any other locality,
  6. become acquainted with the By-Laws of the Society and the Normal By-Laws of the Brotherhood.

Section 21 If the membership of Brotherhood in the locality, where there is another Brotherhood belonging to the Society, will become reduced to 7 members, then such Brotherhood must become affiliated with that other Brotherhood, as otherwise the Supreme Assembly will not recognize it and will exclude it from the Society.

Section 22 In those localities, where there are no other Brotherhoods, to such reduced in membership (below 5 members) Brotherhoods the Supreme Assembly offers to get affiliated with another one, the nearest Brotherhood and through it communicate with the Society.

Section 23 Members of Brotherhoods who are not at the same time members of the Society may continue so only in such Brotherhoods which have joined the Society before May, 1899, but no such new members shall be accepted by these Brotherhoods uniformly with all others and they shall not-be elected to the Brotherhood's Council.

Section 24 Numbers mentioned in Section 20 "e" may be changed by the Supreme Assembly in special eases

Section 25 Members of the Brotherhood wishing to join the Society shall not be younger than 18 or older than 45.

Section 26 Persons of both sexes - male and female - of age higher than that stated above, may be accepted in the Society only as Special Members, without the right to the death and other benefits, but with the right, for a stipulated payment, to receive the diploma, membership badge, the newspaper; however, if he or she is willing to pay at a higher tariff into the Reserve and Benefit Funds of the Society, he may be granted the right to receive at death a stipulated amount for burial, which amount, however, cannot exceed the amount paid in by such person.

Section 27 If a new Brotherhood joins the Society in a locality or a parish where there already exists another of the Society's Brotherhood, its monthly fees shall be the same as in the older Brotherhood.

Section 28 A Brotherhood wishing to join the Society shall present to the Society's Supreme Assembly:

  1. An application and a list of all its members, giving their names and ages, according to the form which the Supreme Assembly shall send on application;
  2. If the Supreme Assembly informs the Brotherhood that the Society is willing to accept it, the Brotherhood shall send to it a separate application from every member (application for membership), with a promise to comply in everything with its By-Laws, and a detailed account of his name, religion, age, birthplace, and for which of the four ($250, $500, $750, $1000) death benefits he wishes to enroll himself, to whom he leaves the money to be paid in case of his death, etc., all questions answered accordingly to the form sent out by the Supreme Assembly;
  3. Doctor's certificates as to the health of every individual member, also accordingly to the form sent out by the Supreme Assembly;
  4. The entrance fees and one monthly beneficiary payment at the rate fixed for the age of each member from all its members in conformity with Sections 45-46; also:
    1. for badge-Cross, 75 cents,
    2. for By-Laws, 25 cents,
    3. for Diploma, 25 cents;
  5. A list of its officers and their postal addresses.

Section 29 A Brotherhood with sick members shall not be admitted into the Society.

Section 30 All members of the Brotherhood joining the Society shall take the oath in the church in the presence of an Orthodox priest, accordingly to the following form: "I" (the name) "promise and swear by God Almighty that, as a member of the Brotherhood" (the name) "and of the Russian Orthodox Catholic Mutual Aid Society, I will carry out all the duties which the By-Laws of these organizations impose, as long as I retain my membership in either; that I will do all in my power for the spread of these organizations, and conduct myself as an Orthodox Christian should".

Section 31If there is no resident Orthodox priest in the locality and no Orthodox Church, the oath may be taken by the members of the Brotherhood on the first occasion when an Orthodox priest visits them, a place chosen by him.

Section 32 Having received from the Brotherhood all the documents mentioned in Section 28, the Supreme Assembly shall inform the Brotherhood, under the signature of the Society's President and Secretary, that it is accepted, and beginning with the day this document is sent out, the Brotherhood is considered an active member of the Society, is bound to comply with the By-Laws of the Society, and orders of its Supreme Assembly and enjoys all the rights of its membership. Together with this, the Supreme Assembly shall send regular diplomas, By-Laws and badges for all the members.

B - For individuals

Section 33 Whoever wishes to become a member of the Society shall be:

  1. a Slav of the Orthodox denomination and of respectable moral life,
  2. have: male not less than 18 and not more than 45 years, female not less than 18 and not more than 40 years, and
  3. he shall enter one of its Brotherhoods, going through all the necessary formalities (see Normal By-Laws for Brotherhoods, Part II) and becoming an active member of it.

Section 34 Unorthodox members having entered the Society at its founding may remain in it as long as they wish, but they shall not be eligible to the councils of the Society or the Brotherhoods.

Section 35 The Brotherhood which has accepted into its membership, or which keeps in it a notoriously immoral member, who by his words and mode of life disgraces the Orthodox Church, faith, is subjected, at the discretion of the Supreme Assembly to a pecuniary fine, and the immoral member of the Brotherhood, at the request of the Supreme Assembly, must be excluded both from the Brotherhood and from the Society.

Section 36 Every new candidate shall send to the Supreme Assembly, through his Brotherhood, a doctor's certificate, in the established form, concerning the state of his health.

Section 37 Every Brotherhood shall have its regular doctor, of whose address it shall always inform the Supreme Assembly. If it even once comes to the notice of the Supreme Assembly that a false certificate has been given out by this doctor, no more certificates shall be accepted from him by the Supreme Assembly.

Section 38 Every new member entering the Society, whose age exceeds 40 years, is bound to produce his certificate of birth and baptism.

Section 39 Whoever wishes to join the Society shall present: 1) his application to his Brotherhood to be sent to the Supreme Assembly, together with a promise to obey the By-Laws of the Society in everything, and with a detailed account, according to the established form, as to his name, religion, birthplace and age, also with a statement whether he is married man (and if his wife is a member of the Society, her Brotherhood also shall be mentioned), a widower or a bachelor, 2) and for which of the four ($250, $500, $750, $1000) death benefits he wishes to enroll himself, 3) to whom he leaves the death benefit to be paid in case of his death and 4) forward all membership fees required by Section 28 of the By-Laws.

Section 40 If the new member should wish later on to make any changes in his will, he shall do so according to established form, and his Brotherhood shall immediately notify the Society's Supreme Assembly, who shall make the desired changes in their records.

Section 41 If a new member gives false information about himself, by so doing he annuls all his rights in the Society, and as soon as his falsehood is discovered he shall be expelled from the Society.

Section 42 Women, who are desirous of becoming members of the Society, are accepted only for either of the two benefit amounts: $250 or $500 and pay for such according to the table stipulated for their ages, same as the male members.

Section 43 If the woman joining the Society is married to a member of the same, then she in relieved from payment: a) for churches, b) for the newspaper, c) to the benevolent fund and d) to the Auxiliary fund (if she does not want to receive pecuniary aid in case of sickness). To all these funds the wife does not pay only as long as her husband remains member of the Society, but soon as she leaves the Society, she must pay into all funds of the Society.

Section 44 The minor children of the members of the Society, who joined the Society prior to the age of 21 are relieved from payment for "other collections," if they are living together with their parents, and pay only for the: 1) death benefit, 2) reserve, 3) auxiliary and 4) administrative funds.

Section 45 Every new member before he, or his beneficiary, shall have right or title to any of the benefits of this Society, must first have been initiated at a regular branch meeting and have paid to the Society's Treasury through his Brotherhood:

  1. his entrance fee-: Age: from 18 to 25 - 50 cents, from 26 to 35 - 75 cents, from 36 to 45 $1.00;
  2. an amount equal to one monthly beneficiary payment for death benefit, at the rate fixed for his (or her) age, amount of certificate, and in order to retain such benefit, he and all other members of the Society, must pay into said fund, without previous notice, a like amount not later then the 28th day of each month thereafter, in accordance with the following table of rates, which shall apply to all the present members of the Society at the age they were admitted to such membership, and to all future members, at the age of their nearest birthday to the date of initiation.

Section 46 Monthly payments for the death benefit and all other Society's funds, each member of the Society makes. according to the table shown below, correspondingly to his age and the amount of benefit applied for.

Section 47 Member leaving one of the Society's Brotherhoods and joining another do not pay an entrance fee.

Section 48 If the entrance fee has been handed to the Supreme Assembly of the Society it shall not be returned either to Brotherhoods or to individuals, once they have been accepted as members of the Society and duly notified.

Table of ROCMA insurance benefits

Table of Monthly Payments
This table is limited to individuals aged 18 to 45. For some reason a table showing the monthly payments for individuals aged 46 to 60 is printed out of context on page 172 of the booklet, solely in Rusyn.

Section 49 Every new member of the Society shall take the oath in the church before an Orthodox priest (See Section 30).

Section 50 Having received from the Brotherhood all the above mentioned documents concerning the new member and his entrance and all other fees, the Supreme Assembly shall add his name to the list of members and inform his Brotherhood of the fact, sending (for the established price) his diploma for active membership. Beginning with the date when the Supreme Assembly sent this notification to the Brotherhood, the new member shall be counted among the active members, shall comply with all the duties which the Society's By-Laws and the orders of the Supreme Assembly impose, and shall enjoy all the rights granted by the Society to its members.


Duties of Active Members of the Society

Section 51 Every Brotherhood shall be worthy to bear the name of Orthodox Christians and to represent a union founded on the principles of love and mutual help.

Section 52 Every member of a Brotherhood and of the Society shall go yearly (before Easter) to Confession to an Orthodox priest and take from him the Holy Communion, otherwise he forfeits his rights as a member and, having been duly notified, he shall be expelled both from the Society and the Brotherhood.

Section 53 In order to supervise the fulfillment of the duty of Confession, the Supreme Assembly shall send to the Brotherhood special tickets at the beginning of every year. When a member comes to Confession, the priest shall sign his ticket, which shall then be returned by the member to the Secretary of his Brotherhood. The Secretary, having collected all the tickets, shall return them to the Supreme Assembly not later then June 1st of each year.

Section 54 Except in cases of pressing necessity, testified to by his Brotherhood, all religious needs of a member must be ministered to by an Orthodox priest, otherwise the member shall lose his rights of membership and shall be expelled (after his case has been duly examined by the Supreme Assembly) both from the Brotherhood and the Society (Society By-Laws, Section 75).

Section 55 Members of the Society, whose wives (or husbands) are not Orthodox, or who have nonOrthodox people among their families, when in a state of great weakness or the danger of death, are in duty bound to make them acquainted with the contents of section 54 and the consequences which are incurred by the breaking of it.

Section 56 Every member of the Society shall be a member of a Brotherhood belonging to the parish in which he resides, except in special cases, when permission shall be obtained from the Supreme Assembly.

Section 57 A sick member moving from one parish to another is not bound to change his Brotherhood, if the sick benefit is not the same in the two Brotherhoods.

Section 58 Every member of the Society, an individual as well as a whole Brotherhood, is in duty bound to obey in everything the By-Laws of the Society, the decisions of the Arbitration Committee and the order of the Supreme Assembly and also to listen attentively to the measures suggested by the latter.

Section 59 In certain cases, by order of the Supreme Assembly, the Brotherhoods are in duty bound to let the Arbitration or Inspecting Committees examine freely their affairs, their books and their Treasury, and to give them the necessary information with all candor, otherwise the Supreme Assembly has the rights to fine the Brotherhood in the sum of from $10 to $25, and in necessary cases to fully suspend same from the membership of the Society.

Section 60 The expenses of the inspection shall be paid by the Brotherhood under inspection after they are collected from it by the Supreme Assembly.

Section 61 Under penalty of being expelled from the Society, the Brotherhoods shall accept punishments and pay fines, justly imposed on them by the Supreme Assembly for not obeying its lawful orders or for breaking the By-Laws of the Society.

Section 62 It is the duty of Brotherhoods to answer all questions of the Supreme Assembly without delay, and also to report correctly all the changes which take place in them and have to do with the Society: election of new officers, entrance of new members and resignation of old members, debility, crippling and death of members, etc.

Section 63 At the election of new officers the Brotherhood shall be guided in all the points by Sections 81-89 of the Normal By-Laws for Brotherhoods, and shall immediately report their names, with the addresses of the Chairman and the Secretary, to the Supreme Assembly of the Society. Every change in the addresses of the Brotherhood's officers shall be immediately reported to the Supreme Assembly.

Section 64 On admitting new members, Brotherhoods shall immediately supply the Supreme Assembly with all the necessary information concerning them and send to the Society's Treasury their entrance fee (see Section 45).

Section 65 When a member changes from one Brotherhood of the Society to another, the latter shall ask him for a "Transfer Certificate" (see Section 70), and shall have no right to admit him without it. But if a member produces the Transfer Certificate, the Brotherhood shall have no right to refuse him, if according to the Certificate he lead a respectable life while in the Brotherhood which he has left, and has paid all its dues; the Brotherhood shall admit him without the oath, if the oath has been taken before, and without an entrance fee to the Society, the Brotherhood's Treasury charging him only 25 cents; and both the Supreme Assembly of the Society and the Brotherhood he has left shall be immediately notified in due form.

Section 66 The Transfer Certificate is valid only for the period of 30 days, and therefore if the member of the Brotherhood, who obtained same, shall not join within the stated period some other Brotherhood, after 30 days he ceases to be member of the Brotherhood and of the Society.

Section 67 The Brotherhood has the right not to accept the transferring member:

  1. if the member applies for admission in bad health and demands the sick benefit, but if he makes no such demands he shall be accepted;
  2. if he wishes to be transferred from another Orthodox Brotherhood for some reprehensible reason or object, as, for instance, in order to disturb the minds of the people, to harm some particular Brotherhood, etc.

Section 68 In order to avoid accepting a member who has behaved improperly in another Brotherhood or has left it without paying his dues in full, Brotherhoods shall take note of the reports of the Supreme Assembly published monthly in the "Svit,', which always gives the names of all the members who joined or left a Brotherhood, or who changed from one Brotherhood to another.

Section 69 When a member leaves, the Brotherhood shall immediately communicate with the Supreme Assembly, informing the Board in due form of the reason why the member leaves, where he is going, and whether he still owes something to the I Brotherhood; and if so, how much.

Section 70 If a member leaves his Brotherhood in order to join another one which is also part of the Society, it shall be the duty of the Brotherhood to supply him with a Transfer Certificate in due form, mentioning in it the sum $250, $500, $750, $1000) of his beneficiary and what his behavior whilst in it has been, etc.

Section 71 The Transfer Certificate shall be refused to those who:

  1. a) have not paid up their, dues, or
  2. b) to join another Brotherhood for some reprehensible reason.

Section 72 If the conditions of a member's life necessitate a frequent change of address, his Brotherhood shall supply him with a Travelling Card; so that in case of an accident on the road anyone may learn his identity and inform the proper people. Brotherhoods situated in the locality where some mishap has occurred, shall, as soon as the Travelling Card is presented, help the victim in every possible way and immediately communicate with his own Brotherhood.

Section 73 If a member becomes such an invalid or a cripple as to have the right to an aid from the Society, the Brotherhood shall send to the Supreme Assembly of the Society, according to the established procedure: a) an application on behalf of this member for the sum named in the By-Laws, informing the Supreme Assembly as to when, where, how and through what causes the member became an invalid or a cripple, for what amount he enrolled himself, and b) a sworn doctor's certificate as to the nature Of the member's sickness or accident.

Section 74 In case of death of a member, the Brotherhood shall immediately inform the Supreme Assembly and present, according to established form:

  1. a sworn doctor's certificate as to the cause of death,
  2. a burial certificate from the priest, and
  3. an application for the sum the Society is to pay on his (or her) death, and whether the deceased ever received any aids from the Society (to what amount, when, and for what cause).

Section 75 If his last Confession was administered to the member by a non-Orthodox priest, or if he was buried by a non-Orthodox priest, unless this was done from extreme necessity, to which the Brotherhood of the late member bears testimony, the heirs of the deceased shall have no right to the money the Society is to pay on his death (see Sections 54-55).

Section 76 If a Brotherhood intends to build an Orthodox church and wishes to obtain a subsidy from the Society, it shall first apply for the sanction of the Bishop of the Diocese, both for the building of the church and for obtaining of money, his permission to be submitted to the Supreme Assembly together with the Brotherhood's application for the aid. Without the Bishop's sanction no aid for the erection of the church shall be granted (Society By-Laws, Section 98 ).

Section 77 Having received an aid from the Society for one of its members, the Brotherhood hands it over to the right person (on this point the Society does not hold itself responsible) and having obtained a receipt from him, the Brotherhood sends it to the Supreme Assembly together with its report.

Section 78 If the aid was obtained by the Brotherhood for itself, besides the regular receipt, it shall, on demand of the Supreme Assembly of the Society, produce the proofs that this aid had been used for he object for which it was granted.

Section 79 Every member of the Society, whether an individual or a whole Brotherhood, is in duty bound to pay accurately the monthly or yearly sum assigned for the school and the church in his parish by the parish's or the Brotherhood's By-Laws. Any member not complying with this rule through unwillingness or without any serious reason, if reported by the Brotherhood or the local priest (if a whole Brotherhood is concerned), forfeits all his rights in the Society and shall be immediately expelled from it.

Section 80 A Brotherhood shall collect monthly from all its members the monthly payments stated in the table of Section 46 and send same to the Management of the Society not later than the 28th day of each month.

Section 81 The Brotherhood which has not sent to the Management of the Society the monthly dues from all its members before the expiration of each month, is subject to. suspension, i. e. to the temporary deprivation of all the rights of the Society. The Supreme Assembly shall notify the Brotherhood about such suspension.

Section 82 The suspended Brotherhood which does not refund to the Society the whole of its indebtedness within 45 days after the notice from the Management of the Society to the effect that it is suspended, is fully excluded from the Society.

Section 83 It lies within the discretion of the Supreme Assembly whether to readmit to membership a Brotherhood, which has been expelled or has withdrawn of its own free will. It may even be remitted without paying any new entrance fee. But all its debts to the Society must be paid, and it must also produce doctor's certificates as to the health of all its members.

Section 84 Members of the Brotherhood, who shall not pay to the Brotherhood their monthly dues before the 28th day of each month (or at the monthly meeting) should be suspended, i. e. temporarily (until the payment of their debt) excluded from Brotherhood and from the Society, during which suspension they lose the right to all the benefits in the Society (SeeBy-Laws of Brotherhood, Section 40). The Brotherhood's Council should inform the Management of the Society of all its suspended members in accordance with form No. 10, not later than the 28th day of each month.

Section 85 Any member remaining suspended for a longer period than 45 days for nonpayment of his monthly dues, thereby becomes and is expelled from the Society and loses the right t all its benefits (SeeBy-Laws of Brotherhood, Section 41).

Section 86 Members suspended from the Brotherhood and from the Society may be reinstated in the member's rights only on the following conditions:

a) if from the time of their suspension not more than 45 days have expired; b) if they repay to the Brotherhood and to the Society all their indebtedness; c) if they will pay to the Brotherhoods treasury 25 cents fine for reinstatement in their rights.

Section 87 All dues to the Society shall be paid by a Brotherhood to the Supreme Assembly by bank cheeks, or by postal or express money orders, sent in registered letters, with a detailed account, in regular form, showing who send the money, how much is sent, and for what object.

Section 88 If a Brotherhood sends its payments in currency and not by check or money order, the Supreme Assembly shall not be responsible for their loss.

Section 89 The checks and money orders are to be made to the Society's Treasurer, but should be addressed together with a registration letter to its President.

Section 90 All communications from the Brotherhood to the Society must be signed by its Chairman, Treasurer and Secretary and must be stamped with the Brotherhood's seal, otherwise they have no power.

Section 91 Every member of the Society is bound to support the Society's organ "Svit", towards which end they shall each pay, at the time of other monthly payments, 8 cents (96 cents yearly), and in return each shall receive the newspaper and, at the end of the year, a calendar.

Section 92 The calendar is sent gratis only to those members who were in the Society before the beginning of the year for which the calendar was prepared; all others shall pay the price fixed by the editor's office.

Section 93 All its money the Brotherhood should keep in one of the local banks, the items of deposits to be entered in the Brotherhood's bank book under the name 1: Russian Orthodox Catholic Mutual Aid Society, Brotherhood of St .......... No ..........

Section 94 All its expenses the Brotherhood should pay by bank checks signed by its: President, Treasurer and Secretary.


Rights of Active Members

Section 95 A separate Brotherhood, though complying with the By-Laws of the Society and the Normal By-Laws for the Brotherhoods, in harmony with it, does not lose its independence, and may work out for its own use rules to be added to the Normal By-Laws, if they be necessitated by local conditions or separate cases. For example, every Brotherhood may make its own rules as to the care of its invalids and the aid of its widows and orphans; it may regulate the funeral expenses of the members; it may fix its own due for the Brotherhood, the church, the school, etc. But in the Society all Brotherhoods have exactly the same duties and rights.

Section 96 The admission and the conditions of ad mission of all such Brotherhoods whose By-Laws are not in harmony with the By-Laws of the Society, are left to the consideration of the Supreme Assembly.

Section 97 Brotherhoods which form the Society shall not pay any money on the death of a member in addition to the amount paid by the Society, but they may assign a certain sum to cover the funeral expenses.

Section 98 The Brotherhood, which with the consent of the Diocesan Bishop builds a church, has the right, also with his permission, to receive from the Society, once for ever, a subsidy not exceeding 400 dollars (Society By-Laws, Section 76).

Section 99 The member of a Brotherhood, leaving North America, must leave in his Brotherhood:

  1. his correct address,
  2. a deposit of $5.00, from which the Brotherhood shall pay regularly all his dues to the Society,
  3. take from the Supreme Assembly a leave of absence letter, otherwise, from the date of his departure he ceases to be a member of the Society.

Section 100 In case of prolonged illness of a brother, if the monthly dues to the Society were paid for him by his Brotherhood, it has the right to deduct from his sick benefit the amount, which was paid for him to the Society.

Section 101 In case of prolonged and severe illness (including insanity) the member of the Society (or his family) receives weekly indemnity during six months from his Brotherhood at the rate which has been established in different Brotherhoods. After this, if he still continues to be sick, he receives weekly $5 from the Auxiliary Fund of the Society, but the amount of such indemnity shall not exceed 10% of the sum of his death benefit, i. e.:

  1. if the death benefit is $1000 - he can receive up to $100;
  2. with the death benefit of $750 - up to $75;
  3. with death benefit of $500 - up to $50 and
  4. with death benefit of $250 - up to $25.00.

Section 102 The Brotherhood, which for some reason shall have no rules about the payment of weekly indemnity to its sick. members, will have the right to ask for the weekly indemnity for them from the Society (from the Auxiliary, fund of the Society) only for the time beginning from the 7th month of their illness.

Section 103 In case when a member of the Society loses both eyes, or both hands, or both legs, or becomes ill with some incurable disease, which will incapacitate him entirely from work, the Supreme Assembly, taking into consideration the position of the member, time of his membership, may aid him in a fitting way by giving him a part or the full sum of his death benefit, and in this case the Supreme Assembly enters with him in a lawful contract to the effect that if the sum payable to him exceeds 10% ($25, $50, $75, $100) of his death benefit, such sum is not paid from the Auxiliary fund, but is taken out from his death benefit, and if such sum is equal to his death benefit, then it will be counted as such and he, having received such in full, ceases to be a member of the Society any longer.

Section 104 In case when a member of the Society loses (cut off by amputation or explosion, etc.) one eye, or one arm, or a leg, the Society shall pay him the usual sick (10%) benefit and after this, if be will be still unable to work, issues to him the same (10%) amount, deducting it from his death benefit.

Section 105 Wives of the members of the Society may, if they so desire, also participate in the benefit of weekly indemnity from the Auxiliary fund of the Society, and if they are paying the required dues, they receive the sick indemnity on equal basis with other members of the Society.

Section 106 Should a member of the Society (male or female), who properly performed all his or her obligations, both pecuniary and moral, toward the Society die (no matter from what cause), then the heirs, stated in his last will, kept in the custody of the Supreme Assembly, have the right to receive from the Society (deducting all the claims of the Society, should such exist) the death benefit according to the following calculation:

  1. a member, who joined the Society prior to February 1, 1913, will receive the full amount of his death benefit;
  2. a member, who joined the Society after the 1 of February, 1913, -:
    1. if death occurs before the expiration of 3 months of his belonging to the Society - one fourth part (1/4) of his death benefit;
    2. before the expiration of 6 months - one half (1/2) of his death benefit;
    3. before the expiration of 9 months - three quarter parts (3/4) of his death benefit, and
    4. after one year - full amount of his death benefit.

Section 107 The ordinary and extraordinary aids from the Society are distributed according to destination, through the respective Brotherhoods, after they are collected, but not later than 50 days after the receipt of all legal documents about the sort of sickness or cause of death of the Society's members.

Section 108 The members of the Society, who have already received from same part of their death benefit, have the right to receive (from the new death benefit) only the balance which is due to them.

Section 109 When paying death benefits, made in favor of several persons, checks are written for each person separately and are sent to the Brotherhood, of which the deceased was a member, in order to be distributed among the persons in whose favor they are drawn.

Section 110 If at the death of a member of the Society it will be found out that when joining the Society be understated his age, the Board of the Society has the right to deduct from his death benefit the amount equal to the difference in payment at his correct age and the payment at the understated age for all the time of his membership in the Society.

Section 111 Each member of the Society has the right, on payment of 25 cents for a certificate, to change the amount of his death benefit from higher to lower.

Section 112 Each member of the Society has the right to change the lower amount of his death benefit for a higher amount, but the payment for the additional part of the death benefit should be paid for according to his age at the time when such changes to the higher amount are made, and besides the payment of 25 cents for the certificate, he must present a new doctor's certificate as to the state of his health.

Section 113 Every member of the Society has the right to inscribe his death benefit to one or more persons: a) to his wife (wife to her husband), b) children, c) father or mother, d) brother or sisters, blood relatives or to any other person dependent upon the member.

Section 114 If the death benefit of a member of the Society is payable to his minor children, while no guardian for them was appointed by him, then the brotherhood, to which the deceased belonged, must see to it that a guardian is appointed for them according to the American law relating to orphans.

Section 115 If within three months from the date of death of a member the Brotherhood has not appointed guardian for the children of the deceased member, then the Board of the Society deposits the money of the orphans into a bank for earning interest thereon in the name of each orphan separately, and the bank books are kept in the chancery of the Society.

Section 116 Should a member of the Society desire to change his last will in regard to death benefit during his illness, or before his death, such last will shall be considered as legal only in the ease when it is witnessed by a Notary or by Justice of the Peace.

Section 117 At each change of the will relating to the death benefit not less than two witnesses from among members of the Brotherhood should be present.


Council of the Society, Its Officers, Their Rights, Duties and Rules of Action

Section 118 At the head of the Society stands its Council, which consists of;

  1. The Honorary President of the Society
  2. The President of the Society
  3. The Vice-President
  4. The Treasurer
  5. The Assistant Treasurer
  6. The Secretary
  7. The Assistant Secretary
  8. The Inspecting Committee, consisting of an odd number of members, not less than 5
  9. The Arbitration Committee, consisting of 5 members and presided over by a Chairman elected by themselves
  10. The 9 Trustees of the Society

Section 119 The Honorary Presidency shall invariably belong to the Bishop of the Aleutian and North American Diocese.

Section 120 Except the Honorary President, all officers of the Society's Council shall be also active members, and the Trustees must further be citizens of the United States of America.

Section 121 A non-Orthodox member of the Society should not be elected to its Council.

Section 122 Officers of the Society, except the Honorary President, are elected by the delegates of Brotherhoods when the Society is in Convention.

Section 123 Vacancies left by the members of the Society's Council remain unoccupied until the nearest Convention, and their duties are fulfilled by other officers: the duties of the President by the Vice-President, of the Secretary and Treasurer by an Assistant Secretary and Assistant Treasurer, etc.

Section 124 The assigning and the amount of the officers' salaries depend on the decisions of the Society's Conventions.

Section 125 Under the supervision of the Honorary President, the active guidance of the Society is in the hands of the President, the Vice-President, the Secretary and the Treasurer, who form the Executive Committee of the Society, or the Supreme Assembly.

Section 126 The supreme administrative and controlling power belongs to the Honorary President of the Society. He confirms the By-Laws of the Society, which without this have no legal power; he sanctions the Conventions of the Society, accepting or rejecting their resolutions; he accepts or rejects the nominations of the Society's officers; he permits or forbids the Brotherhoods to build churches, and points out to the Supreme Assembly how to disburse the sums collected for this purpose; and has the right to ask any question at any time of any and all officers of the Society's Council, and also of the separate Brotherhoods.

Section 127 The President is the chief representative of the Society, its chief governor and is to be held responsible for all its actions. He guides the officers of the Society and supervises them in carrying out of their duties, warning the careless, and if necessary takes the work from their hands and. entrusts it to others, with the permission of the Honorary President; he sees to the regular progress of all affairs in the office of the Society, guiding them and signing, together with the Secretary, all resolutions, orders and reports of the Supreme Assembly; be also signs' all diplomas for honorary and other membership of the Society, etc.; he directs the Treasurer to pay the Society's expenses, which agree with By-Laws, or are called forth by its needs and correspond to its objects; he makes out the monthly apportionments and announces special collections of the Society; he calls the regular and extraordinary meetings of the Supreme Assembly opening and closing them, and presiding over them, and after the question has been fully discussed, he confirms its solution; in case of need he shall call extraordinary Conventions stating to them the circumstances which made this necessary; in general, the President guides the progress of the Society, consulting the other officers of the Supreme Assembly confirming in all, his activity with the By-Laws and prompted by his' best judgment in everything that concerns the ultimate good and progress of the work; he guides the whole for the best growth and prosperity of the Society; he gives occasional accounts of his activity, as circumstances demand, in the official organ of the Society and general accounts before the Regular Conventions.

Section 128 The Vice-President of the Society is the nearest and chief adviser and assistant of the President. And if the President, through ill health, absence, or some other circumstance, cannot attend to the concerns of the Society, or if his place remains vacant for some time, the Vice-President takes his place in all the branches of work, carrying out all his duties and enjoying all his rights.

Section 129 The Treasurer of the Society, in conformity with Part VIII of the Society's By-Laws, has in his keeping all sums belonging to the Society; he keeps account of all the incoming and outgoing money and by order of the President, signed by the Secretary, he pays all the expenses of the Supreme Assembly's office and of that Society; at the end of each month and each year he presents to the President a full account of the Society's finances, and gives a detailed account of them to the Regular Conventions.

Section 130 The Assistant Treasurer assists his superior officer as the latter indicates, and in case of emergency undertakes the Treasurer's duties and enjoys all his rights.

Section 131 The Secretary of the Society has in his keeping the office of the Supreme Assembly, the seals, diplomas, the wills of the members, the archives, etc.; according to established form, he keeps the book of the income and expenditure of the Society, the book of all outgoing papers, and also the book of the apportionments of the Society; he keeps the membership lists and conducts all the correspondence of the Society with the Brotherhoods and all other institutions and persons, answer all their inquiries and communicates to them the various resolutions of the Supreme Assembly; he makes and publishes partial and general reports of the progress of the Society; in general, the threads of all the affairs are in the hands of the Secretary and all the orders of the President go through his hands.

Section 132 The Assistant Secretary assists his superior officer as the latter indicates, and in case of emergency takes charge of all his duties and exercises all his rights.

Section 133 The Inspecting Committee supervises the regular attendance of the officers of the Society and the Brotherhoods to their duties and assists in this the President of the Society; in case of neglect :or irregularities in the general work of the Supreme Assembly, the Inspecting Committee reports first to the President, and, in case the disorder continues, to the Arbitration Committee, or the Honorary President of the Society; in case of some disorder in the 'work or life of the Brotherhoods, the Inspecting Committee reports to the Supreme Assembly, and, by his permission and direction, examines the Brotherhoods' affairs and books; if anything seriously threatens the activity and existence of the Society, the Inspecting Committee requests the Supreme Assembly to call an extraordinary Convention; during the sessions of the Supreme Assembly preparatory to the Regular Convention, it reports to the Board any remissness noticed in the procedure of the Supreme Assembly and the activity and life of the Brotherhoods, so that all such may be noted in the report to the delegates of he Brotherhoods.

Section 134 The Arbitration Committee is the- supreme judicial authority in the Society. In general, it does not interfere with the life of the Society, or i-the administration of the Supreme Assembly or the Brotherhoods; it comes forward only when there is some misunderstanding between the Supreme Assembly, the Inspecting Committee and the Brotherhoods; for instance, when they disagree in their understanding of some section of the By-Laws, when any Brotherhood is displeased with a decision of the Supreme Assembly when the Supreme Assembly reuses to satisfy a request of a Brotherhood, when a Brotherhood refuses to obey the resolutions of the Supreme Assembly, or does not allow the Inspecting Committee to examine its affairs, etc. In all such cases the Arbitration Committee has the deciding power and is guided in its decisions by the totality of the Society's objects and aims, by its spirit and its past history, directing everything toward the ultimate good of the organization. The resolutions of the Arbitration Committee in all such cases are final, and having been confirmed by the Honorary President they are obligatory for the whole Society. The Arbitration Committee acts if ordered by the Honorary President, or if called on by the Supreme Assembly and the Inspecting Committee, by a Brotherhood or several Brotherhoods. During the Conventions of the Society the Arbitration Committee shall represented by its Chairman.

Section 135 The duty of the Supreme Assembly being to express and to realize the chosen objects of the Society, it shall strictly comply with the moral and material objects of the Society, both as a body and as individual.

Section 136 The Supreme Assembly is the official centre of the Society. Its authority unites all the Brotherhoods which compose the Society; it governs their progress, enforces the By-Laws of the R. 0. C. M. A. Society; possesses the right and power to suspend or exclude any Brotherhood from the Society and all its benefits upon proper cause, and has the deciding voice in all misunderstandings, which arise either in or between Brotherhoods.

Section 137 In case of negligence or disorder in the Brotherhoods, or in case some Brotherhood should break the By-Laws of the Society or of the Brotherhood, the Supreme Assembly has the right to examine their affairs, either sending to them members of the Inspecting Committee, who live nearest to the Brotherhood, or appealing to the Arbitration Committee; it has the right to fine Brotherhoods or their individual members, to reprimand and admonish them, to suspend them temporarily or to expel them from the Society altogether.

Section 138 In case of some special important occurrence in the life of the Society, the Supreme Assembly has the right to have recourse to such measures, though not foreseen by the By-Laws, as are suggested by this occurrence and by the ultimate good of the Society.

Section 139 The Supreme Assembly is bound to pay attention to- the demands and needs of the Brotherhoods and their individual members, answering their questions, solving their perplexities, helping them in the acquisition of useful books and church furniture, ordering for them various printed forms, envelopes, etc., with a view to facilitating their correspondence, ordering and dispatching to members badges, diplomas, etc.

Section 140 The expenses of the Supreme Assembly connected with the Society and also the general office and postal expenses, as well as the expenses for composing, translating the By-Laws, shall be paid out of the Society's administrative fund, and shall be reimbursed by the sale of the members' badges, books of By-Laws, etc., towards which end in fixing the price of the aforesaid objects the Supreme Assembly shall add to the price a certain percentage for the benefit of the Society.

Section 141 It is the duty of the Supreme Assembly:
  1. to take charge of all the documents addressed o by the Brotherhoods and by individual members, especially their application certificates, wills, letters closing money, receipts, etc.; and
  2. to keep:
    1. an accurate list of members according to Brotherhoods, mentioning, in the established form, the dates of entrance, and the nature and amount of aids received, etc.;
    2. the book of the income and expenditure of the Society, with all bills and receipts for confirmation, etc.;
    3. the book of monthly payments, stating the share of every Brotherhood in every apportionment and how much of it was paid by the Brotherhood;
    4. the book of outgoing papers with copies of the most important.

Section 142 The Supreme Assembly publishes monthly reports, in the official organ of the Society, concerning all its revenues and expenditures, and concerning members who have joined, changed from one Brotherhood to another, or left (mentioning the amount of the debts of the latter), and prepares general reports concerning the progress and activity of the Society for the regular Conventions.


Capital of the Society

Section 143 The capital of the Society is kept in the hands of its Treasurer, to whom it is transferred and by whom it is kept on the conditions, established by the conventions of the Society in accordance with its charter.

Section 144 The capital of the Society is divided into the following funds:
  1. Reserve fund,
  2. Fund of death benefits,
  3. Auxiliary fund,
  4. Charitable fund,
  5. Administrative fund,
  6. Church fund,
  7. Fund for Enlightenment and publications,
  8. School fund and
  9. People's fund.
Section 145 The Reserve fund is made up of:
  1. a) initiation fees of new members,
  2. b) monthly payments (according to the amount of death benefit, i. e., of 3, 4, 5 and 6 cents) of the members of the Society specially for the Reserve fund. The purpose of this fund - guarantee of the Society in case of some misfortune or disruption of the organization. For the current expenses of the Society this fund appears as entirely invaluable.

Section 146 Fund of death benefits is made up of the regular monthly payments of all members of the Society according to the age of each of them. From this fund the Board of the Society pays all death benefits of the deceased members of the Society.

Section 147 Should the fund of death benefits be totally exhausted (i. e., should the amount of monthly payments prove insufficient for payment of death benefits), then the Supreme Assembly pays out the death benefits in the following manner: 25% is taken from the Reserve fund, but no more than 10% of this fund should be available for this purpose, and 75% is assessed equally upon all members of the Society, on the condition, however, that each member shall pay not more than the amount equal to his 3 month dues, payable regularly according to his age. Should even such sum for death benefit prove insufficient, then the amount of death benefits is reduced in a corresponding ratio.

Section 148 Auxiliary fund is made up of the monthly payments by the members of the Society (according to the sum of death benefit - @ 1, 2, 3 and 4 acts). From this fund the Supreme Assembly pays all benefits for sickness or injury.

Section 149 The Charitable fund is made up of monthly payments (@2 cents) of the members of the Society and is disbursed thus: a) 70% is given to the Orphanage, b) 20% to the Immigrant Home in New York City and c) 10% to the Ecclesiastical Seminary at Tenafly, N. J.

Section 150 Administrative fund is made up (@4 cents) of the monthly payments of the members of the Society. From this fund are paid: a) expenses of the chancery of the Society, b) salaries, daily allowances ($3.00) on the yearly sessions and all other expenses relating to the Society of the employees of the Society, c) expenses for preparation of the badges, printing of certificates, By-Laws and other blanks for the Society.

Section 151 Church fund is made up of monthly (@ 5 cents) payments of the members of the Society and is expended with the permission of the Honorary President for the building of churches in new parishes.

Section 152 Fund for Enlightment and publications is made up of monthly (@ 8 cents) payments by members of the Society and is fully expended for the publication of the organ of the Society, the newspaper "Svit" and of the Calendar.

Section 153 School fund is made up of monthly (@ 1 cent) payments by the members of the Society and is destined, at the discretion of the Honorary President of the Society, for education and teaching at the Seminary and other ecclesiastical schools of the best, ablest children of the members of the Society.

Section 154 People's fund is made up of monthly (@ 1 cent) payments, by the members of the Society for the general popular purposes: 1) for upraising the prestige, honor and good name of the members of the Society, whole Russian orthodox people, also of each separate Russian orthodox person, who falls into the hands of enemy, unjustly sentenced to death or for a long prison incarceration.


Meetings of the Supreme Assembly

Section 155 The meetings of the Supreme Assembly are regular, yearly, extraordinary and preparatory to the Conventions.

Section 156 Regular meetings of the Supreme Assembly shall be called to settle all the current affairs of the Society.

Section 157 Yearly meetings of the Supreme Assembly shall take place at the end of each year for the discussion of all questions arising in the life of the Society, for the revision and verification of the regular work and the Treasury, for the disposal of capital, for the drawing up of the yearly report etc.

Section 158 Extraordinary meetings of the Supreme Assembly are called in cases of extraordinary needs of the Society.

Section 159 Preparatory meetings of the Supreme Assembly shall be called before the regular Conventions of the Society. Their object is to discuss the needs of the Society, which have become evident since the preceding Convention, and to work out the program of the coming Convention accordingly, which program shall be sent out to the Brotherhoods, in order that the delegates shall be prepared for the discussions at hand.

Section 160 The officers of the Supreme Assembly shall bring to the preparatory meetings, each in his own department, all business documents and reports. The Inspecting Committee and the Arbitration Committee shall send written reports to these meetings concerning every occurrence in the life of the Brotherhoods or the Society, which deserves attention. The Brotherhoods, notified in due time by the Supreme Assembly, shall send to these meetings for preliminary examination, and classification all announcements, requests, complaints, plans, etc., which they intend to submit to the Convention.


Conventions of the Society

Section 161 Conventions of the Society, otherwise the meetings of the delegates of its Brotherhoods, shall be of two kinds: regular and extraordinary.

Section 162 The time and place for a regular Convention of the Society shall be decided upon at the :preceding Convention and is announced in the "Svit" at least two months before the first day of the Convention

Section 163 Not later than two months before the Convention, the Supreme Assembly requests the Brotherhoods that each of them shall choose a delegate for the Convention and inform the Supreme Assembly of his name for publication in the "Svit".

Section 164 There shall be a revision of all the Society's affairs before the Convention for the purpose of making a report. This shall be done by a Revision Committee of three members. This Committee shall be elected on the Society's Conventions and shall conduct its business by the invitation of the Supreme Assembly in the Supreme Assembly's office three days before the beginning of the Convention, during which time these three delegates, assisted by officers of the Supreme Assembly appointed by the President, shall examine and verify all the affairs of the Society, since the last Convention, by means of its books and documents: bank books, checks, receipts, etc., which the Supreme Assembly shall present to them for that purpose. The Supreme Assembly, if requested, shall give to the Committee all necessary information. The results of the revision are embodied in a protocol, which, on the opening of the Convention, is laid before it, with all details.

Section 165 The order of business and subjects for discussion by regular Conventions shall be as follows:

  1. The Convention is opened by the Honorary President, or, in his absence, by the President of the Society.
  2. Upon calling the Convention to order the Supreme President shall appoint the Committee on Credentials (3 members), which shall examine the credentials of all delegates.
  3. The Convention elects by ballot the Chairman and the Vice-Chairman of the Convention to guide the discussions of the delegates, also the Secretary and Assistant Secretary to record the discussions and
  4. The Supreme Assembly makes a general report of its activity and the progress of the Society during the period since the last regular Convention.
  5. The Revision Committee reports the results of the revision.
  6. The Chairman appoints the Committee (9 members) on Grievances and Petitions, which shall examine all petitions and grievances and shall submit its report and recommendations to the Convention.
  7. The Chairman of the Convention submits for its discussion and resolution questions demanding its attention, observing the order of the program, decided on by the Supreme Assembly at the Preparatory meeting.
  8. The delegates submit for general consideration all perplexities, suggestions and requests which the Brotherhoods have failed to make known beforehand and which, therefore, were not included in the program.
  9. New officers are elected to the Supreme Assembly, the question of their remuneration, the conditions on which the new Treasurer shall receive and keep the capital of the Society, the amount of the Reserve Capital are decided, etc.
  10. If necessary, a new editor of the official organ of the Society is elected and the conditions of its publication are decided.
  11. The time and the place of the next regular Convention are agreed upon.

Section 166 When the officers of the Convention are elected, the votes are taken by the President of the Society and the results also are announced by him; in all other votes this shall be done by the Chairman of the Convention.

Section 167 The President of the Society shall not be elected as Chairman of the Convention.

Section 168 Candidates for the Council of the Society may be proposed among men who have already served as officers, be it even during the period immediately preceding the Convention, but they must be active members of the Society and belong to the Orthodox Church. Member of the council of a foreign and inimical to the R. 0. C. M. A. S., organization, can not be a candidate for the office for chief management of the Society.

Section 169 If circumstances should demand it, extraordinary Conventions shall be called by vote of the majority of Brotherhoods with permission of the Honorary President of the Society. The time and place of extraordinary Conventions shall be fixed by the Supreme Assembly, according to the majority of the votes of the Brotherhoods. The subject of their discussion shall be the circumstances on account of which they were called, but their order of business and procedure shall be the same as at regular Conventions.

Section 170 Each Brotherhood shall send to the Convention its (one or more) delegate, who must be literate, also Orthodox, and each Brotherhood shall supply its delegate (or delegates) with power of attorney, signed by its officers aid the seal affixed, which power of attorney the delegate shall submit, on arrival, to the Secretary of the Society before the opening of the Convention.

Section 171 A Brotherhood with not more than 50 members shall send to the Convention only one delegate, but Brotherhoods with larger memberships shall be entitled to send one more delegate for each 50 members.

Section 172 A member of the Society may be a delegate only of the Brotherhood in which he is a member.

Section 173 For sufficient reasons (such as the poverty of the Treasury, too great distance from the place where the Convention is held, or the impossibility of finding any member willing to go to the Convention), Brotherhoods may chose proxies amongst delegates of other Brotherhoods, but in this case they shall supply these delegates, besides the power of attorney, with a written instruction as to what they are to say and how they are to vote.

Section 174 The same member of the Society may be accepted as a delegate only from two Brotherhoods.

Section 175 The President, Treasurer and Secretary of the Society may not be sent as delegates of Brotherhoods, but it is their duty to be present at the Convention, the President having two votes and the Treasurer and Secretary one vote each.

Section 176 The editor of the Society's paper and the Chairman of the Arbitration Committee must be present at the Convention, whether they are delegates or not, each having one vote.

Section 177 The clergy of the Diocese and the Honorary Members of the Society are cordially invited to the Conventions, and the right of speech is offered to them, but the Society is not responsible for their expenses unless they were elected delegates or specially invited by the Convention.

Section 178 Outsiders, not invited by the Convention, may be admitted only by permission of the President of the Society and the Chairman of the Convention; by their permission such outsiders may also be given the right of speech, but not the right of voting.

Section 179 The Convention shall establish its resolutions by voting. The order and manner of voting are agreed upon by the Convention at its opening

Section 180 All the members of the Convention shall have a vote, and the Chairman of the Convention shall have two votes; his vote being decisive, he casts it after all the other votes were counted.

Section 181 All expenses of the delegates to a Convention for travelling to the place where it is held and back (railroad fares), as well as all other travelling expenses and expenses at the Convention - are borne by the Brotherhoods out of its means.

Section 182 If a member of the Society is a delegate from two Brotherhoods, then his expenses are borne in equal parts by the Brotherhoods which sent him.

Section 183 Daily allowance for a delegate to the Convention while travelling and at the Convention are payable by each Brotherhood at $3 per diem.

Section 184 The railroad fares and the daily allowance (at $3) to the officers of the Supreme Assembly except the members of the overseeing commission), to editor of the organ of the Society and to the members of the Revision Committee (from the day of their leaving for Convention and up to their return) are paid from the Administrative fund of the Society.

Section 185 The Minutes of the Convention, written by its Secretary and signed by its Chairman and some specially appointed (or all) delegates, shall be submitted to the consideration of the Honorary President of the Society. After his approval (with various amendments), they are made known to all the members of the Society, and from the day of their acceptance, or the day stated by the Minutes, either with regard to the general contents or separate articles, they become obligatory for the whole Society as a supplement or an amendment of the ByLaws of the Society.


The By-Laws of the Society

Section 186 The By-Laws (or Statutes) of the Society together with the resolution of Conventions, sanctioned by the Honorary President of the Society, are binding on all members and officers of the Society. Their breaking results in admonitions, reprimands, fines, temporary suspension or final expulsion from the Society.

Section 187 If through unavoidable circumstances the Society's Supreme Assembly is compelled to go against the letter of the By-Laws, it may do so only by consent of the majority of the members of its Council, the votes of two-thirds of the Brotherhoods and the permission of the Honorary President of the Society.

Section 188 Any changes in the By-Laws of the Society shall be made only by its Conventions, and shall come into force only on approval of the Honorary President of the Society. The Supreme Assembly shall immediately make them known to all the Brotherhoods, and they shall be binding beginning with the date stated in the communication.